Foot and ankle surgery deals with the prevention and diagnosis of foot and ankle disorders. It is a sub-specialty of orthopedics and chiropody. Orthopedics is the study and treatment of bones and muscles.
Chiropody is the study or treatment of feet and their ailments. Orthopedic doctors or surgeons go through a training period of 10 to 12 years to become a specialist in this field of treatment. They help in curing muscle and bone ailments. They get training to treat all forms of foot and ankle disorders.
It is not necessary that your foot and ankle ailment is because of some injury. It can occur due to multiple kinds of disorders and deformities of the spine, hips, knee, foot, and ankle. Sometimes it also develops due to infection, a symptom of any disease, etc. The foot and ankle surgeons understand and detect the complexity of the ailment and suggest a proper solution to it.
What leads to Foot and Ankle Surgery?
There are a good number of conditions which can cause foot and ankle problems. These conditions are both surgical and non-surgical. The conditions which cause deformity or disorder, swelling, severe pain, etc are calcaneus fractures, malleolar fractures, phalangeal fractures, tibial pilon fractures, metatarsal injuries, navicular and mid-foot injuries.
Apart from these, Arthritis of hind-foot, mid-foot, forefoot and ankle joints is a condition which primarily needs surgery for treatment. You may acquire some other disorders or deformities congenitally. These disorders include flatfoot, diabetic foot disorder, clubfoot, tarsal coalitions, non-neuromuscular foot deformity, and more.
There are also some conditions such as plantar heel fasciitis which causes severe heel pain, tarsal tunnel syndrome which is a nerve disorder and foot and ankle tumors. In these cases, the patient must consult the foot and ankle surgeon as they can only be cured surgically.
Below we have discussed the non-surgical and surgical procedures which help in healing foot and ankle ailments. All these procedures are done by and should be done by trained professional surgeons only. Advanced Foot & Ankle Institute of Georgia is an institution of foot and ankle surgery.
Non Surgical Procedures
Not all foot and ankle ailments need surgery for treatment. Most of the ailments related to foot and ankle surgery do not require surgery. Numerous phalangeal conditions can be treated by changing your regular shoe as the wrong type of shoes which make you feel uncomfortable can be the cause of this condition.
For Rheumatoid Arthritis your doctor will prescribe you with NSAID’s or Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs and DMARD’s or Disease Modifying Anti-Rheumatoid Drugs. It is a slow process of curing the condition. The structural and functional characteristics of the Neuro-Musculoskeletal system of foot and ankle can also go through specific deformity.
It is an externally applied device which can be inserted in the shoes to provide more support, comfort, and balance to the foot. To cure other foot and ankle symptoms, there is physical therapy treatment which helps in strengthening the feet and ankle muscles.
Surgical treatments are the last resort of the foot and ankle ailments. It comes into action when other therapies and non-surgical procedures fail to cure the condition. There are a good number of surgical procedures for different foot and ankle conditions. Bunionectomy is a surgical procedure for eliminating bunions.
Arthrodesis is a process for curing inflammatory processes. It is a fusion of joint spaces. The surgical reconstruction process is for the deformities treatment. It is the persistent action for manipulating Neuro-Musculoskeletal structures. Amputation, Laser Surgery, and Ankle Arthroscopy are the now emerging popular surgical treatment for foot and ankle conditions.