Periodontal Disease – Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment
Periodontal disease is a gum disease which is an infection of the tissues of the teeth. These tissues help in holding the teeth in its place. When these tissues get infected, the teeth start losing its grip on the gums. It is caused due to poor dental health.
Poor brushing habits, irregular flossing, and unhealthy diet allows the formation of plaque. Plaque is a sticky kind of bacteria which forms on the teeth and hardens if not treated at the right time. The untreated Periodontal disease can lead to bleeding gums, sore gums, chewing problem and eventually teeth loss.
Causes of Periodontal Disease
Keeping the dental health right is very important as our mouth is loaded with bacteria. Every day, whatever we eat, drink while walking out on the road, while yawning, sneezing a lot of bacteria passes in and out of the mouth.
All these bacteria form a sticky colorless bacterial layer of plaque along with mucus and other particles. If it is not removed at its initial stage, then it can develop to tartar which is the hardened plaque. It cannot be removed by brushing. A dentist can only remove tartar with the help of professional techniques.
Some risk factors are there for gum disease which affects the overall dental health. Among these risk factors, smoking is the most significant one. It not only causes damage to the gums but also disrupts the effects of gum disease treatment.
Apart from this, the other risk factors are diabetes, medication which affects the flow of saliva, hormonal changes in women, illness, AIDS and its medications, etc.
Symptoms of Periodontal Disease
How will you know that you are suffering from a periodontal disease or gum disease? Here are some symptoms which will allow you to detect the condition.
- Experiencing severe pain while chewing food.
- Suffering from bad breath for a long span of time.
- Teeth sensitivity, your teeth feels sensitive to anything and everything.
- Your gums have turned red and swollen.
- Experiencing bleeding from the gums while brushing.
- Your teeth feel loose like it is losing the grip on the gums.
- Your teeth appear longer while the gums appear small. It is known as receding gums.
Diagnosis of Periodontal Disease
The diagnosis of gum disease should be done by a dentist or dental hygienist. They will go through a procedure to detect the problem and evaluate the current dental health status. The process is as follows.
- They will examine the status of your gums and note down if there is any sign of inflammation.
- Then they will use a small ruler, known as the probe which helps in measuring and checking the teeth for any pockets. The pockets in healthy teeth vary from 1 mm to 3 mm. It is a painless process.
- Next, they would like to know about your dental medical history and other medical histories too, such as whether you have diabetes or not. They would also ask about your smoking habits if any.
- If they detect any abnormality, they might take an x-ray of your mouth.
- On detection of a severe problem, they will refer you to a periodontist. People who have specialized in the treatment of gum disease or periodontal disease are known as a periodontist. They offer effective dental support.
Treatment of Periodontal Disease
The treatment of periodontal disease needs the expansion of the infection. The expansion of the disease over the gums will decide the type of treatment. Any treatment is effective when the patient takes strict dental health care. Therefore, Drescher & Cohen DDS provides dental health care. The dentist might put a restriction on few things such as smoking.