How often do you visit an optician? Do you even remember when you last visited an optician? Most of you will not remember it, because your visit to the optician is rare, and in many cases happens only when we start facing issues with the eyes and eyesight. An eye test is the rarest of almost all other physical examinations and paradoxically one of the most necessary ones.
Here, we would discuss more about the visit to the optometrist or an optician.
Conditions that Can Be Diagnosed
There are particular types of diseases which can be recognized by normal eyes test, and some of them can be found out only after a particular and specified type of checkup is undertaken.
Let us first take a look at the different types of conditions of your eyes that can be recognized while a routine medical checkup is undertaken.
- Myopia and hyper myopia are the two very common disorders can be diagnosed with the help of a normal eye checkup. Myopia is also known as nearsightedness where the patient is unable to look at the distant objects, and the vice versa happens in the case of hyper myopia.
- Presbyopia is also a condition of long-sightedness, but there is a difference between the causes. It is generally the problem of the middle-aged or old aged people. Eyes test can reveal the following problem.
- Amblyopia is also an eye disorder, the worst among all those that have been mentioned above. In this type of disorder, the person fails to attain normal eyesight even with the help of lens or any other equipment.
- Diplopia is also a disorder that is generally diagnosed in an eyes test. It is also known as double vision.
- Astigmatism and strabismus are the other two diseases that can be identified in a test.
Various eye related issues cannot be diagnosed in a normal checkup and require expert advice and special treatment. There are plenty of such diseases some of which are mentioned below.
- Color vision
- Near point of convergence
- Cycloplegic refraction
- Accommodative system
Different Types of Eyes Tests
When you go for a normal comprehensive eyes test and here are few things that you can expect:
- Visual acuity test: You might have noticed that one cubical box with letters on it is kept at a distance, and you are asked whether or not you can see the letters. This test is the one known as visual acuity test, and this is generally done to check myopia or hyper myopia. The alphabets are usually in two languages for patients to understand.
- Cover test: This test is taken to check your eye alignment. In this test, you are asked to focus on small objects by alternatively covering your eyes.
- Night blindness test: This test is performed to check the color vision of your eyes.
These are some of the most common ones, but there are various other tests like pupil dilation, visual field, glaucoma test, split lamp exam, refraction, retinoscopy and much more. All these tests involve simple actions that can detect severe problems. Sometimes you may not even know that you have a problem unless you go for a checkup.
Eyes test do not cause any damage and can serve as a measure to reduce danger and minimize the effects if taken regularly and treated properly. It is very important to maintain your eye health along with the physical health.