Origin Of Plastic Surgery And Its Contemporary Development

A legion of species lives on the earth, but only one has hegemony over others. And that species are humans who influence and exploit things per their wishes. Gone are the days when a disease like polio, tetanus was dubbed as inherent and incurable. Now technological advancement has surpassed conventional thinking (that every defect in humans is natural) and manifested its potential to astound the masses.

This advancement has benefited the medical field and, thus, its creators, which raised the life expectancy and standard of living, and enhanced the quality of life. Plastic surgery is one of the headways that emanates from the battery of medical development. In this, skin from one part of the body is lacerated and amalgamated to another (where it is required). Let’s have a look at how its origin started-


It is believed that Sushruta was the pioneer who performed plastic surgery around 2500 years ago. His findings are mentioned in Sushruta Samhita (Sushruta’s compendium), which is assumed to be part of Atharvaveda (one of the four Vedas mentioned in Indian history). In his compendium (written in the Sanskrit language), he described teachings of the surgery, its allied branches, various surgical equipment, diverse surgical method, and many more things.

All these aided the build-out of present-day medical advancement. History has a crucial role in the progress of technological manifestation in every field. After understanding the surgery’s origin, our inventory is filled enough to move on to comprehend the recent expansion.

Contemporary development

Earlier, it was limited to curing an individual’s body by the use of plastic surgery, but now it has been divided into various categories. These categories can be summed up into two categories.

  1.  Reconstructive surgery- This is mainly done to bring the body back to its original state. It includes burns treatment, craniofacial surgery (surgery to cure parts of the head like jaw, neck, face, skull, etc.), hand surgery (it is for the hand as the name suggests), and microsurgery (this is done at a very minute level where tissues are involved).
  2. Cosmetic surgery- This mainly deals with the overall appearance of the body. In this, an individual wants to enhance their beauty by having surgery which includes laser hair remover, Botox, breast reduction or augmentation, liposuction, eyelid surgery, etc.

Earlier, people were critical of plastic surgery by considering its side effect and other social taboo. Still, when it has shown promising results, people start viewing it as a plausible one. Now many famous practitioners of this surgery have been in this business for many years, including Dr. George M. Varkarakis.

He is a plastic and reconstructive surgeon based in Miami (U.S) and provides various services in Botox, body lifting, profound skin tightening, lip surgery, facelift, PRP therapy, etc, and has 18 years of practice experience in the medical field and is also an editorial board member. He is known for his most advanced techniques to find solutions for his patients.

Now I can indeed say that after reading up on this, you people have gained enough knowledge about the origin of plastic surgery, its Indian nexus, the Sushruta, and then its contemporary developments. These advancements are not limited to the surgery mentioned above; it has immense application in medical science. The techniques of 3-dimensional printing of the organs are the future of this surgery, and many experiments are underway to make it perfect.