Surgical Oncology

It is cancer care filed to pay attention to using surgery to diagnose and treat different stages of cancer. Surgical oncology is also used to perform surgeries that help to increase a patient’s comfort level by reducing or helping to control pain. It also helps to manage cancer-related symptoms and side effects easily.

Depending on the complexity of cancer, each patient can undergo surgery based on certain factors like location, size, type, stage, and grade of the tumour. Other factors like physical fitness, age, and other medical conditions also affect the surgery for patients.

When it comes to Blood Cancer Treatment in India, this surgery is also combined with other treatments like radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and hormone therapy. Besides, the nonsurgical treatment is also administered to prevent further cancer growth, recurrence or metastasis.

There are various technologies used in this surgery depending on the size of the tumour and its location. Some conditions may require robotic surgery, laparoscopy or open surgeries. The oncology surgery also works with clinicians and doctors to reduce the pain, speedy recovery and side effects from surgery.

Some of the important procedures & recovery programs for surgical oncology include:

Appendectomy

When a surgery is performed to remove an appendix, it is known as Appendectomy. This surgery is performed in a situation when the appendix attached to the large intestine is inflamed and irritated. Due to infection, the appendix swells and may be caused due to foreign material, cancer or stool. Thus, when a patient is diagnosed with appendix cancer, it is necessary to combine the surgery with other treatments for a better result.

Flexible robotic surgery

This surgery is performed with the help of flexible robotic endoscope that allows surgeons to access the deep and hard areas of throat, mouth, colon, and rectum. The flexible scope system allows a clear view of areas that are hardly possible with standard instruments. On the other hand, traditional endoscope moves are rigid and are confined to straight lines. Thus does not reach various areas o surgery and do not provide a clear view of the surgery area.

Bowel Resection

It is another effective treatment for oncology cancer where the part of the large intestine is removed. This procedure is also known as colon removal, colectomy or colon resection. This surgery is very effective and common for colorectal cancer.

Hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy

It is highly heated and concentrated chemotherapy that is delivered directly to the abdomen at the time of surgery. This surgery method delivers chemotherapy directly to the cancer cells present in the abdomen. Before this procedure, doctors also perform surgery in order to remove any visible tumour when found in the abdomen.

Pneumonectomy

This surgery is performed to remove the entire lung if cancer is detected. It is an effective surgery for the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer and other conditions like tuberculosis and chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases.

Along with these above oncology surgical procedures, video-assisted thoracic surgery, tracheoesophageal puncture, thoracotomy, and thyroidectomy are among the most preferred surgical procedures.

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